Ketan Patel    25-May-2014

Many of the PHP newbies get confused with mysql_fetch_row(), mysql_fetch_object(), mysql_fetch_assoc(), mysql_fetch_array() functions. In this post we will check then in detail with example.

First of all, create a table called users by running the below query:

create table users(
    id INT NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
    username VARCHAR(100) NOT NULL,
    email VARCHAR(250) NOT NULL,
    PRIMARY KEY ( id )
 );

Insert some testing data as well:

 INSERT INTO `users` (`id`, `username`, `email`) VALUES (NULL, 'Piers', 'piers@test.com');
 INSERT INTO `users` (`id`, `username`, `email`) VALUES (NULL, 'Warren', 'warren@test.com');
 INSERT INTO `users` (`id`, `username`, `email`) VALUES (NULL, 'Tim', 'tim@test.com');
 INSERT INTO `users` (`id`, `username`, `email`) VALUES (NULL, 'Joseph', 'joseph@test.com');
 INSERT INTO `users` (`id`, `username`, `email`) VALUES (NULL, 'Robert', 'robert@test.com');
 INSERT INTO `users` (`id`, `username`, `email`) VALUES (NULL, 'Peter', 'peter@test.com');
 INSERT INTO `users` (`id`, `username`, `email`) VALUES (NULL, 'Boris', 'boris@test.com');

 

Create a file called index.php and try to use the below code for these functions.

 

mysqli_fetch_row()

Fetch a result row as a numeric way. This function will return a row where the values will come in the order as they are defined in the SQL query, and the keys will span from 0 to one less than the number of columns selected.

<?php
//connect database
$con    = mysqli_connect("localhost","root","password","test") or die(mysqli_error());

//select values from users table
$sql    = "select * from users where email='tim@test.com'";
$result = mysqli_query($con,$sql);
$row    = mysqli_fetch_row($result);

// access individual values
echo $userid    = $row[0];
echo $username  = $row[1];
echo $useremail = $row[2];

mysqli_close($con);

Output:

3
Tim
tim@test.com

 

Herewith this  mysqli_fetch_row() function, if you are fetching the selected records then their order matters while getting the result.

For example, if you have written, "select id, username, email from users" then,

$rows[0]; will have the value of the id
$rows[1]; will have the value of username
$rows[2]; will have the value of the email
 

but if you write, "select id, email, username from users"  then,

$rows[0]; will have the value of the id
$rows[1]; will have the value of the email
$rows[2]; will have the value of username

 

 

mysqli_fetch_assoc()

Fetch a result row as an associative array. This function will return a row as an associative array where the column names will be the keys storing corresponding value.

<?php

//connect database
$con    = mysqli_connect("localhost","root","password","test") or die(mysqli_error());

//select values from users table
$sql    = "select * from users where email='tim@test.com'";
$result = mysqli_query($con,$sql);
$row    = mysqli_fetch_assoc($result);

// access individual values
echo $userid    = $row['id'];
echo $username  = $row['username'];
echo $useremail = $row['email'];

mysqli_close($con);

 Output:

3
Tim
tim@test.com

 

 

mysqli_fetch_array()

Fetch a result row as an associative array & numeric array both. It returns an array with both the contents of mysqli_fetch_row() and mysqli_fetch_assoc() merged into one. It will have both numeric and string keys.

<?php

//connect database
$con    = mysqli_connect("localhost","root","password","test") or die(mysqli_error());

//select values from users table
$sql    = "select * from users where email='tim@test.com'";
$result = mysqli_query($con,$sql);
$row    = mysqli_fetch_array($result);

print_r($row);

mysqli_close($con);

Output:

Array
(
    [0] => 3
    [id] => 3
    [1] => Tim
    [username] => Tim
    [2] => tim@test.com
    [email] => tim@test.com
)

 

 Access individual values by string keys:

echo $userid    = $row['id'];
echo $username  = $row['username'];
echo $useremail = $row['email'];

Output:

3
Tim
tim@test.com

 

Access individual values by numeric keys:

echo $userid    = $row[0];
echo $username  = $row[1];
echo $useremail = $row[2];

 Output:

3
Tim
tim@test.com

 

 

mysqli_fetch_object()

Fetch a result row as an object.

<?php

//connect database
$con    = mysqli_connect("localhost","root","password","test") or die(mysqli_error());

//select values from users table
$sql    = "select * from users where email='tim@test.com'";
$result = mysqli_query($con,$sql);
$row    = mysqli_fetch_object($result);

// access individual values as object
echo $userid    = $row->id;
echo $username  = $row->username;
echo $useremail = $row->email;

mysqli_close($con);

 Output:

3
Tim
tim@test.com

 

Now you should have clear understanding of these functions.


 

About Ketan Patel

A Web Developer having 7+ years of experience in web development. Worked with Laravel-Lumen, CakePHP, CodeIgniter, Opencart to make sites for startup companies and small businesses. Apart from blogging, he likes to read Novels, Listening music and Net surfing.